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Name Columbia River
Details This 1,210-mile long river, the third longest in the U.S., rises in Columbia Lake in southeast British Columbia seventy-five miles northwest of the U.S. boundary and flows northwest and south through British Columbia and enters Washington in its northeast corner. After winding through the east area of the state, it forms the Washington-Oregon boundary and flows to the Pacific Ocean. Its drainage basin includes parts of seven states, and part of British Columbia. On May 19, 1792, it was named by Robert Gray, for his ship Columbia. A long list of other names which have been used over the years includes those chosen by Spanish explorers for all or part of the river: Ensenada de la Nuestra Senora de Asuncion, Estrada de Hezeta, and other names of great length terminating in Estrecha, Aguilar, San Roc, and Thegayo. It has been called The Oregon and River of the West. Indian names for portions of its course were Sken-I-Te-Ke, Chock-A-Li-Lum, and Swan-Ate-Ku.

Associated Records

Image of 2004.001.0001 - Postcard

2004.001.0001 - Postcard

Black and white postcard of map of Columbia Basin Project in Washington. Map shows portion of Washington state with the Columbia Basin Project highlighted. The image of Washington is shown with north at the bottom of card looking south. Town names, bodies of water, Yakima Irrigation Project, and Grand Coulee Dam are named. "Perspective View - Columbia Basin Project" and "Pub by Ellis / 1942" in white lettering along top edge of postcard. Reverse of card on proper left side: "COLUMBIA BASIN PROJECT / This perspective view shows the relation of / Grand Coulee dam to the proposed irrigation / project which will bring life giving water to / 1,200,000 acres of fertile but arid desert land. / He

Image of 100P - 1956.001.

100P - 1956.001.

Dark colored leaf shaped stone point with convex base. A/L Knives - Generalized Cutting tools "General Quality." Age Undetermined. Columbia Plateau.

Image of 2855P - 1956.001.

2855P - 1956.001.

Dark colored stone scraper. A/L Core. Prepared Core tools - Age Undetermined. Core - tool construction.

Image of 133P - 1956.001.

133P - 1956.001.

Medium colored barbed stone point with expanding stem and notched base.

Image of 101P - 1956.001.

101P - 1956.001.

Dark colored leaf shaped stone point with convex base. A/L Blanks or Preforms- age undetermined. These are tools which are not finished. They would have later been further reduced into projectile points, knives, etc.

Image of 134P - 1956.001.

134P - 1956.001.

Dark colored barbed stone point with contracting stem and convex base.

Image of 102P - 1956.001.

102P - 1956.001.

Medium colored leaf shaped stone point with convex base. A/L Non-Diagnostic Biface, Blades and Flakes. General tools which do not allow diagnosis of any type. Crude flaking and or broken.

Image of 103P - 1956.001.

103P - 1956.001.

Dark colored leaf shaped stone point, pointed at both ends.

Image of 104P - 1956.001.

104P - 1956.001.

Dark colored leaf shaped stone point, pointed at both ends. A/L Ovate Biface. Cascade Phase - generalized tools - Cascade Phase through contact. Not characteristic of any specific time period or culture. Most pieces used as knives.

Image of 105P - 1956.001.

105P - 1956.001.

Medium colored shouldered stone point with contracting stem and flat base. A/L Late Cascade.

Image of 106P - 1956.001.

106P - 1956.001.

Dark colored shouldered stone point with contracting stem and flat base. A/L Late Cascade Point. A/L Limaces - age undetermined. Wood planing tools.

Image of 107P - 1956.001.

107P - 1956.001.

Medium colored shouldered stone point with expanding stem and convex base. A/L Late Cascade Point.

Image of 108P - 1956.001.

108P - 1956.001.

Medium colored shouldered stone point with expanding stem and convex base. A/L Late Cascade - Columbia River Side Notch.

Image of 109P - 1956.001.

109P - 1956.001.

Medium colored shouldered stone point with expanding stem and convex base. A/L Late Cascade Point.

Image of 110P - 1956.001.

110P - 1956.001.

Dark colored unstemmed, pentagonal stone point. A/L Knife. Pentagonal Knives.

Image of 115P - 1956.001.

115P - 1956.001.

Dark colored leaf shaped stone point with one end that is convex. A/L Cascade Point.

Image of 116P - 1956.001.

116P - 1956.001.

Dark colored leaf shaped stone point with one end that is convex. A/L Non Diagnostic Biface, Blades and Flakes. General tools which do not allow diagnosis of any type. Crude flaking and or broken.

Image of 117P - 1956.001.

117P - 1956.001.

Medium colored leaf shaped stone point with one end that is convex. A/L Ovate Biface. Cascade Phase - generalized tools - Cascade Phase through contact. Not characteristic of any specific time period or culture. Most pieces used as knives.

Image of 118P - 1956.001.

118P - 1956.001.

Dark colored leaf shaped stone point with one end that is flat. A/L Drills, Perforators, Age Undetermined. Used to bore, drill; wood, hides and bone.

Image of 119P - 1956.001.

119P - 1956.001.

Dark colored leaf shaped stone point, pointed at both ends. A/L Ovate Biface. Cascade Phase - generalized tools - Cascade Phase through contact. Not characteristic of any specific time period or culture. Most pieces used as knives.