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Name Columbia River
Details This 1,210-mile long river, the third longest in the U.S., rises in Columbia Lake in southeast British Columbia seventy-five miles northwest of the U.S. boundary and flows northwest and south through British Columbia and enters Washington in its northeast corner. After winding through the east area of the state, it forms the Washington-Oregon boundary and flows to the Pacific Ocean. Its drainage basin includes parts of seven states, and part of British Columbia. On May 19, 1792, it was named by Robert Gray, for his ship Columbia. A long list of other names which have been used over the years includes those chosen by Spanish explorers for all or part of the river: Ensenada de la Nuestra Senora de Asuncion, Estrada de Hezeta, and other names of great length terminating in Estrecha, Aguilar, San Roc, and Thegayo. It has been called The Oregon and River of the West. Indian names for portions of its course were Sken-I-Te-Ke, Chock-A-Li-Lum, and Swan-Ate-Ku.

Associated Records

Image of 2860P - 1956.001.

2860P - 1956.001.

Dark colored stone graver. A/L Drills, perforators. Age undetermined. Used to bore or drill into wood, hides, bone, etc.

Image of 2857P - 1956.001.

2857P - 1956.001.

Medium colored stone scraper. A/L Knife - Generalized Gutting tools "General Quality." Age undetermined.

Image of 2858P - 1956.001.

2858P - 1956.001.

Medium colored stone graver. A/L Non diagnostic Biface, Blades, Flakes. General tools which do not allow diagnosis of any type. Crude flaking and or broken. A/L Graver ($10.00).

Image of 2859P - 1956.001.

2859P - 1956.001.

Medium colored stone graver. A/L Drills, perforators. Age undetermined. Used to bore or drill into wood, hides, bone, etc.

Image of 2861P - 1956.001.

2861P - 1956.001.

Light colored stone graver. A/L Drills, perforators. Age undetermined. Used to bore or drill into wood, hides, bone, etc.

Image of 2862P - 1956.001.

2862P - 1956.001.

Dark colored stone graver. A/L Drills, perforators. Age undetermined. Used to bore or drill into wood, hides, bone, etc.

Image of 2863P - 1956.001.

2863P - 1956.001.

Light colored stone graver. A/L Scrapers - Age undetermined. These tools were used in preparing hides, etc.

Image of 2864P - 1956.001.

2864P - 1956.001.

Light colored stone graver. A/L Scraping blade tool - age undetermined. Same function as standard scrapers except these are made using flakes or blades (blade is flake at least two times longer than wide) which are struck off of a prepared core tool - used as a perforator.

Image of 2866P - 1956.001.

2866P - 1956.001.

Light colored barbed stone point with expanding stem and straight base. A/L Hafted drill - age unknown/undetermined. These were used as perforating and boring tools. They were hafted to handles.

Image of 2867P - 1956.001.

2867P - 1956.001.

Light colored barbed stone point with expanding stem and concave base. A/L Late Cascade - Columbia River Side Notch. A/L May be hafted scraper or reworked projectile.

Image of 2868P - 1956.001.

2868P - 1956.001.

Medium colored barbed stone point with expanding stem and concave base. A/L Late Cascade

Image of 2869P - 1956.001.

2869P - 1956.001.

Medium colored barbed stone point with expanding stem. A/L Non diagnostic Biface, Blade, or Flake. General tools which do not allow diagnosis of any type. Crude flaking and or broken. A/L Rabbit Island / Frenchman Springs Phase.

Image of 2870P - 1956.001.

2870P - 1956.001.

Medium colored barbed stone point with parallel-sided stem and basal notch. A/L Late Phase - Basal Notch.

Image of 2871P - 1956.001.

2871P - 1956.001.

Light colored barbed stone point with contracting stem and convex base. A/L Rabbit Island - Frenchman Springs Phase, Projectile Point.

Image of 2872P - 1956.001.

2872P - 1956.001.

Medium colored barbed stone point with contracting stem and convex base. A/L Rabbit Island - Frenchman Springs Phase, Projectile Point.

Image of 2873P - 1956.001.

2873P - 1956.001.

Dark colored triangular stone point with straight base.

Image of 2874P - 1956.001.

2874P - 1956.001.

Dark colored triangular stone point with convex base. A/L Blanks or Preforms - age undetermined. These are tools which are not finished. They would have later been further reduced into projectile points, knives, etc.

Image of 2880P - 1956.001.

2880P - 1956.001.

Medium colored leaf shaped stone point with convex base. A/L Non diagnostic Biface, Blades, and Flakes. General tools which do not allow diagnosis of any type. Crude flaking and or broken. A/L Blank Preform.

Image of 2883P - 1956.001.

2883P - 1956.001.

Medium colored leaf shaped stone point with straight base. A/L Ovate Biface.

Image of 2884P - 1956.001.

2884P - 1956.001.

Medium colored leaf shaped stone point with straight base. A/L Pentagonal Knives.