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Name Columbia River
Details This 1,210-mile long river, the third longest in the U.S., rises in Columbia Lake in southeast British Columbia seventy-five miles northwest of the U.S. boundary and flows northwest and south through British Columbia and enters Washington in its northeast corner. After winding through the east area of the state, it forms the Washington-Oregon boundary and flows to the Pacific Ocean. Its drainage basin includes parts of seven states, and part of British Columbia. On May 19, 1792, it was named by Robert Gray, for his ship Columbia. A long list of other names which have been used over the years includes those chosen by Spanish explorers for all or part of the river: Ensenada de la Nuestra Senora de Asuncion, Estrada de Hezeta, and other names of great length terminating in Estrecha, Aguilar, San Roc, and Thegayo. It has been called The Oregon and River of the West. Indian names for portions of its course were Sken-I-Te-Ke, Chock-A-Li-Lum, and Swan-Ate-Ku.

Associated Records

Image of 360P - 1956.001.

360P - 1956.001.

Dark colored double bladed stone knife. Could be used as scraper. A/L Scraping blade tools. Age undetermined. Same function as standard scrapers except these are made using flakes or blades (blade is flake at least two times longer than wide) which are struck off of a prepared core tool.

Image of 361P - 1956.001.

361P - 1956.001.

Dark colored double bladed stone knife. A/L Utilized Flake Tools - Age undetermined. These were used as cutting tools and were made from a prepared core tool.

Image of 362P - 1956.001.

362P - 1956.001.

Medium colored double bladed stone knife. A/L Non Diagnostic Biface, Blades, and Flakes. General tools which do not allow diagnosis of any type. Crude flaking and or broken.

Image of 363P - 1956.001.

363P - 1956.001.

Medium colored double bladed stone knife. A/L Blades. Age undetermined. Have not been used - but would eventually have been implemented as cutting, boring, incising, scraping and drilling tools.

Image of 364P - 1956.001.

364P - 1956.001.

Medium colored double bladed stone knife. A/L Utilized Flake Tools - Age undetermined. These were used as cutting tools and were made from a prepared core tool.

Image of 365P - 1956.001.

365P - 1956.001.

Dark colored double bladed stone knife in half moon shape. A/L Crescent - Early to Classic Archaic, 10,000 - 3,000 B.P.

Image of 366P - 1956.001.

366P - 1956.001.

Medium colored double bladed stone knife. A/L Scraping Blade Tools - Age undetermined. Same function as standard scrapers except these are made using flakes or blades (blade is flake at least two times longer than wide) which are struck off of a prepared core tool.

Image of 370P - 1956.001.

370P - 1956.001.

Medium colored double bladed stone knife. A/L Utilized Flake Tools - Age undetermined. These were used as cutting tools and were made from a prepared core tool.

Image of 372P - 1956.001.

372P - 1956.001.

Dark colored side stone scraper, possible knife. A/L Blades. Age undetermined. Have not been used - but would eventually have been implemented as cutting, boring, incising, scraping, and drilling tools.

Image of 373P - 1956.001.

373P - 1956.001.

Dark colored side stone scraper, possible knife. A/L Utilized Flake Tools - Age undetermined. These were used as cutting tools and were made from a prepared core tool. A/L Scraping Blade Tools - Age undetermined. Same function as standard scrapers except these are made using flakes or blades (blade is flake at least two times longer than wide) which are struck off of a prepared core tool- was used as knife.

Image of 374P - 1956.001.

374P - 1956.001.

Dark colored side stone scraper, possible knife. A/L Non Diagnostic Biface, Blades, and Flakes. General tools which do not allow diagnosis of any type. Crude flaking and or broken.

Image of 375P - 1956.001.

375P - 1956.001.

Dark colored side stone scraper, possible knife. A/L Scraping Blade Tools - Age undetermined. Same function as standard scrapers except these are made using flakes or blades (blade is flake at least two times longer than wide) which are struck off of a prepared core tool - used as a perforator and a knife.

Image of 376P - 1956.001.

376P - 1956.001.

Dark colored side stone scraper, possible knife. A/L Utilized Flake Tools - Age undetermined. These were used as cutting tools and were made from a prepared core tool.

Image of 377P - 1956.001.

377P - 1956.001.

Dark colored side stone scraper, possible knife. A/L Non Diagnostic Biface, Blades, and Flakes. General tools which do not allow diagnosis of any type. Crude flaking and or broken.

Image of 378P - 1956.001.

378P - 1956.001.

Medium colored side notched stone point with concave base. Age undetermined. A/L Late Cascade - Columbia River Side Notch.

Image of 379P - 1956.001.

379P - 1956.001.

Medium colored side notched stone point with concave base. Age undetermined. A/L Late Cascade - Columbia River Side Notch.

Image of 380P - 1956.001.

380P - 1956.001.

Light colored side notched stone point with concave base. Age undetermined. A/L Late Phase - Desert and Northern Side Notch.

Image of 381P - 1956.001.

381P - 1956.001.

Medium colored side notched stone point with concave base. Age undetermined. A/L Late Phase - Desert and Northern Side Notch.

Image of 382P - 1956.001.

382P - 1956.001.

Medium colored side notched stone point with basal notch. Age undetermined. A/L Late Phase - Desert and Northern Side Notch.

Image of 383P - 1956.001.

383P - 1956.001.

Light colored side notched stone point with basal notch. Age undetermined. A/L Late Phase - Desert and Northern Side Notch.